The first non-ablative radio frequency device launched by INDIBA® was called Recuperador Celular (cellular recuperator) and Regenerador electrónico (electronic regenerator). Since then many names have been used to generically name the INDIBA® technology. In fact, one of them, TECAR, has become a generic name for radio frequency treatments in countries such as Italy.

The main relevant used names have been developed considering concepts such as:

  • Electric current
  • Transference
  • Capacitive mode
  • Resistive mode

Before the Resistive electrode was invented in 1991, the main used term was TEC (from the Spanish acronym Transferencia Eléctrica Capacitiva: capacitive electric transfer)(1). Once the Resistive electrode was developed the ‘R’ for ‘resistive’ was included, turning into TECAR(2) or TECR(3) and the English CRET (Capacitive Resistive Electrical Transfer)(4), which in time turned into Tecartherapy(5).

Names used to describe INDIBA® treatments along time have included:

  • Recuperador electrónico / Regenerador electrónico (1987)
  • TEC (1990)
  • TECAR (1998)
  • CRET (2000)
  • TECR (2008)
  • Proionic System® (2014)

Although TECAR has turned into a general name to refer to a non-ablative radio frequency treatment, other names such as Proionic System® have also been used.

  1. Calbet J. Tratado de la transferencia eléctrica capacitiva (T.E.C.). 1st ed. Barcelona: INDIBA, S.A.; 1990.
  2. Parolo E, Onesta MP. Hyperthermia through resistive and capacitive energy transfer in the treatment of acute and chronic musculoskeletal lesions. La Riabilitazione. 1998;31(2):3.
  3. Hernández-Bule ML. Respuesta celular a dosis subtérmicas de corrientes eléctricas de 0,57 MHz [PhD]. MAdrid: Universidad Autónoma de Madrid; 2008.
  4. Úbeda A, de Bernardo S, Bazán E, Trillo MA, Martínez MA, Leal J. Cytostatic effects in human cancer cells exposed in vitro to 0,5MHz electric currents.  BEMS Twenty-Second Annual Scientific Meeting; Munich, Germany 2000.
  5. Bergamo P, Combi F, Ganzit P, Melegati G, Mondardidni P, Schonuber H, et al. Nuovi Orizzonti dell’ipertermia e della biostimolazione. Tecarterapia. 1998.